33 Positions held edit 197782 Elected as Member, haryana legislative assembly. Cabinet Minister, labour and Employment, government of Haryana. Elected as Member, haryana legislative assembly. Cabinet Minister, Education, food and civil Supplies, government of Haryana. Elected to rajya sabha (1st term) December 1997 Member, Eleventh lok sabha (2nd term). 1996 16 may 1 June union Cabinet Minister, Information and Broadcasting. Member, Twelfth lok sabha (3rd term).
28 Controversy edit Swaraj, while being the minister of External Affairs of the nda government, issued an noc against a specific query raised by the uk government about the Indo-uk bilateral relationship if uk granted permission to lalit Modi, an Indian fugitive in a cricket. 29 However, some people mentioned this incident as Swaraj helping Lalit Modi in the travel visa process. On, leader of Indian National Congress, mallikarjun Kharge, moved an Adjournment Motion in the lower house seeking resignation of Sushma Swaraj due to her alleged conduct in this regard. Initially, the motion was rejected good by the Speaker, but was accepted on Swaraj's insistence. Intervening in the motion, Swaraj clarified that Lalit Modi's right of residency was not cancelled since the Enforcement Directorate did not file an extradition request. The Adjournment Motion was subsequently rejected with voice vote. Sushma Swaraj was heavily criticised in 2014 when she urged Prime minister Modi to declare Bhagwat Gita as the national book of India.
He was a member of parliament from 1998 to 2004. 23 The couple have a daughter, bansuri, who is a graduate from Oxford University and a barrister at Law from Inner Temple. 24 25 Sushma Swaraj's sister Vandana Sharma is an associate professor of political science in a government college for girls in Haryana. 26 Swaraj's brother. Gulshan Sharma is an ayurveda doctor based in Ambala. 27 On 10 December she underwent for a kidney transplant at aiims, with the organ being harvested from a living unrelated donor. The surgery was successful.
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Minister of External Affairs edit. Swaraj has been serving as the Indian Minister of External Affairs under Prime minister Narendra modi since may 2014, responsible for implementing the foreign policy of Narendra modi. She is only the second woman to hold this position after Indira gandhi. 21 22 Distinctions and records edit presentation In 1977, she became the youngest ever Cabinet Minister in the country at 25 years of age. Citation needed In 1979, she became State President of Janata party, haryana State at the young age. Sushma Swaraj was the first female Spokesperson of a national political party in India.
She has many firsts to her credit as bjps first female Chief Minister, Union Cabinet Minister, general secretary, spokesperson, leader of Opposition and Minister of External Affairs. Citation needed She is the Indian Parliament's first and the only female mp honoured with the outstanding Parliamentarian Award. She has contested 11 direct elections from four states. She has served as the President of the hindi sahitya sammelan in Haryana for four years. 8 Personal life edit during the times of Emergency, on, sushma Swaraj married Swaraj kaushal, a peer and fellow advocate at the supreme court of India. Citation needed The Emergency movement brought together the couple, who then teamed up for the defence of the socialist leader george fernandes. Swaraj kaushal is now a senior advocate of Supreme court of India and a criminal lawyer who served as governor of mizoram from 1990 to 1993.
During her campaign, she addressed public meetings in the local Kannada language. She secured 358,000 votes in just 12 days of her election campaign. However, she lost the election by a 7 margin. 15 Minister for Information and Broadcasting edit She returned to parliament in April 2000 as a rajya sabha member from Uttar Pradesh. She was reallocated to Uttrakhand when the new state was carved out of Uttar Pradesh on 9 november 2000.
16 She was inducted into the Union Cabinet as Minister for Information and Broadcasting, a position she held from September 2000 until January 2003. Citation needed Union health Minister edit She was Minister of health, family welfare and Parliamentary Affairs from January 2003 until may 2004, when the national Democratic Alliance government lost the general election. As Union health Minister, she set up six All India institute of Medical Sciences at Bhopal ( mp bhubaneshwar ( Odisha jodhpur ( Rajasthan patna ( Bihar raipur ( Chhattisgarh ) and Rishikesh ( Uttrakhand ). Citation needed Swaraj was re-elected to the rajya sabha for third term in April 2006 from Madhya pradesh state. She served as the deputy leader of Opposition in Rajya sabha till April 2009. Leader of Opposition, 15th lok sabha edit She won the 2009 election for the 15th lok sabha from the vidisha lok sabha constituency in Madhya pradesh by the highest margin of over 400,000 votes. Sushma Swaraj became leader of Opposition in the 15th lok sabha in place of Lal Krishna Advani on 21 December 2009 and retained this position till may 2014 when in Indian general election, 2014 her party got a major victory.
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She was Union Cabinet Minister for Information and help Broadcasting during the 13-day government of pm atal Bihari vajpayee in 1996. Citation needed Union Minister i b telecommunications edit She was re-elected to 12th lok sabha from south Delhi parliamentary constituency for a second term in March 1998. Under the second pm vajpayee government, she was sworn in as Union Cabinet Minister for Information and Broadcasting with additional charge of the ministry of Telecommunications from to her most notable decision during this period was to declare film production as an industry, which made. Prior to this, the film industry was heavily financed by the underworld on high rate of interest. This one decision liberated film industry from the clutches of the underworld. Citation needed She also started community radio at universities and other institutions. Citation needed In September 1999, bjp nominated Swaraj to contest against the congress party's national President Sonia gandhi in the 13th lok sabha election, from the bellary constituency in Karnataka, which had always been retained by congress politicians since the first Indian general election.
13 State-level politics edit She was a member of the haryana legislative assembly from 1977 to 1982, acquiring the Ambala cantonment assembly seat at the age of 25, and then again from 1987 to 1990., she was sworn in as a cabinet Minister in the. She became State President of Janata party ( Haryana ) in 1979, at the age of 27 years. She was Education Minister of Haryana state in the Bharatiya janata party lok dal coalition government during the period of 1987 to 1990. 11 Chief Minister of Delhi edit main article: Sushma Swaraj ministry (1998) After a tenure in national level politics, in October 1998 she resigned from the Union Cabinet to take over as the first female Chief Minister of Delhi. However, the bjp had lost the Assembly elections because of rising prices and inflation. Citation needed She resigned from her Assembly seat and returned to national politics. National-level politics edit In April 1990, she was elected as a member of the rajya sabha and remained there until she was elected to the 11th lok sabha from south Delhi constituency in 1996. Swaraj was elected to the 11th lok sabha from south Delhi constituency in April 1996 elections.
language department of Haryana saw her winning the best Hindi Speaker award for three consecutive years. 8 In 1973, Swaraj started practice as an advocate in the supreme court of India. 1 11 Early political career edit Swaraj began her political career with Akhil Bharatiya vidyarthi parishad in the 1970s. Her husband, Swaraj kaushal, was closely associated with the socialist leader george fernandes and Sushma Swaraj became a part of george fernandes's legal defence team in 1975. She actively participated in jayaprakash Narayan 's Total revolution movement. After the Emergency, she joined the Bharatiya janata party. Later, she became a national leader of the bjp.
Indian state of, haryana. She also served as 5th, chief Minister of Delhi from to 3 December 1998. 2, in the 2014 Indian general election, she won the, vidisha constituency. Madhya pradesh for a second term, retaining her seat by a margin of over pdf 400,000 votes. 3, she became the minister of External Affairs in the union cabinet on Swaraj was called India's 'best-loved politician' by the us daily. 4 5 Contents Early life and education edit sushma Swaraj (née sharma) 6 was born on 14 February 1952 at Ambala cantt, haryana, 7 to hardev sharma and Shrimati laxmi devi. 8 9 Her father was a prominent Rashtriya swayamsevak sangh member. Her parents hailed from Dharampura area of Lahore, pakistan.
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In this, indian name, the name, swaraj is a patronymic, not a family name, and the person should be referred to by the given name, sushma. Sushma Swaraj ( pronunciation ) (born 14 February 1952 1 ) is an Indian politician and a former. A senior leader and former president. Bharatiya janata party, swaraj has served as the. Minister of External Affairs of India since ; she is the second homework woman to hold the office, after. She has been elected seven times. Member of Parliament and three times as a, member of the legislative assembly. At the age of 25 in 1977, she became the youngest cabinet minister of north.