If you arent sure about what youre supposed to write, ask your summary instructor. 2 give yourself time. If you can, make the time to craft an argument you'll enjoy writing. A rushed essay isnt likely to persuade anyone. Allow yourself enough time to brainstorm, write, and edit. Whenever possible, start early. This way, even if you have emergencies like a computer meltdown, youve given yourself enough time to complete your essay. 3 Examine the rhetorical situation. All writing has a rhetorical situation, which has five basic elements: the text (here, your essay the author (you the audience, the purpose of the communication, and the setting.
Bad: The only obvious solution is to ban guns. There is no other argument that matters. Part 2 laying the Groundwork 1 read the prompt carefully. In most cases, twist you will be given a specific assignment for your persuasive essay. Its important to read the prompt carefully and thoroughly. Look for language that gives you a clue as to whether you are writing a purely persuasive or an argumentative essay. For example, if the prompt uses words like personal experience or personal observations, you know that these things can be used to support your argument. 6 On the other hand, words like defend or argue suggest that you should be writing an argumentative essay, which may require more formal, less personal evidence.
8 Acknowledge, and refute, arguments against you. While the majority of your essay should be kept to your own argument, you'll bullet-proof your case if you can see and disprove the arguments against you. Save this for the second to last paragraph, in general. Good: It is true that guns can be used to protect you against threats. However, it has been proven time and time again that you are more likely to hurt yourself with a gun than protect you against someone else. Good: While people do have accidents with guns in their homes, it is not the governments responsibility to police people from themselves. If they're going to hurt themselves, that is their right.
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You need to sound an expert, and like you should be trustworthy. Cut out small words or wishy-washy phrase to adopt a tone of authority. 5 good: growth "Time and time again, science has shown that arctic drilling is dangerous. It is not worth the risks environmentally or economically." good: "Without pushing ourselves to energy independence, in the arctic and elsewhere, we open ourselves up to the dangerous dependency that spiked gas prices in the 80's." Bad: "Arctic drilling may not be perfect, but. This, i imagine, will be a good thing." 7 Challenge your readers. Persuasion is about upending commonly held thoughts and forcing the reader to reevaluate. While you never want to be crass or confrontational, you need to poke into the reader's potential concerns.
Good: does anyone think that ruining someones semester, or, at least, the chance to go abroad, should be the result of a victimless crime? Is it fair that we actively promote drinking as a legitimate alternative through Campus Socials and a lack of consequences? How long can we use the excuse that just because its safer than alcohol doesnt mean we should make it legal, disregarding the fact that the worst effects of the drug are not physical or chemical, but institutional? Good: we all want less crime, stronger families, and fewer dangerous confrontations over drugs. We need to ask ourselves, however, if we're willing to challenge the status quo to get those results. Bad: This policy makes us look stupid. It is not based in fact, and the people that believe it are delusional at best, and villains at worst.
Tell them what you're telling them, tell them it, then tell them what you told them. They'll get the point by the end. Example: Time and time again, the statistics don't lie - we need to open our doors to help refugees. Social Validation:"tions reinforce that you aren't the only one making this point. It tells people that, socially, if they want to fit in, they need to consider your viewpoint.
Example: "Let us not forget the words etched on our grandest national monument, the Statue of Liberty, which asks that we "give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free. There is no reason why syrians are not included in this. Agitation of the Problem: Before offering solutions, show them how bad things are. Give them a reason to care about your argument. 4 Example: "Over 100 million refugees have been displaced. President Assad has not only stolen power, he's gassed and bombed his own citizens. He has defied the geneva conventions, long held as a standard of decency and basic human rights, and his people have no choice by to flee." 6 be authoritative and firm.
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Good: Public education is no longer a priority in this country. As it stands, only 2 of tax dollars go to schools. 2, clearly, we need to find a way to increase this budget if we expect to see any real improvement in our education system. Bad: The United States was not an educated nation, since education was considered the right of the wealthy, and so in the early 1800s Horace mann decided to try and rectify the situation. 3 5, use a variety of persuasion techniques to hook your readers. The art of persuasion has been studied since ancient Greece. While it takes a lifetime to master, wallpaper learning the tricks and tools will make you a better writer almost immediately. For example, on a paper about allowing Syrian refugees, you could use: Repetition: keep hammering on your thesis.
In the social condition of the human race (Mill, 98). Bad: "The prisons system has kept dangerous drugs and criminals off the streets, and Americans are definitely safer because.". Unless you back it up, this claim is meaningless. 4, keep your sentences short and to the point. Only make one point or argument in each sentence. You want the reader to be able joseph to build the argument logically, but this is impossible if they get lost in the weeds. Good: While the United States founding fathers were intellectual, the same could not be said for the majority of the populace. Education was the right of the wealthy, and achieved through expensive private schools or tutors. In the early 1800s, horace mann of Massachusetts devoted himself to rectifying that situation.
and references to back up your claims. The best rule of thumb is, whenever you make a claim or point that isn't common sense, you need to back. One of the best ways to do this, however, is in reverse. Let the evidence lead to your arguments - bringing the reader with you. Good: "A recent poll shows that 51 of young white millennials believe they suffer as much discrimination as minorities. Young white millennials may believe in having racial equality, but they also believe that they've already found. 1, good: "Equality and liberty aren't just good for individuals, they're good for society. Furthermore, the lack of this liberty is said to be a source of perversion and demoralization to everyone involved, and prevents any really vital improvement.
Note that you can persuade people to interests be open-minded. Saying "affirmative action is a nuanced issue in need or serious overhaul, not to be destroyed or continued completely still shows you taking a strong, defendable stance. 2, use clear, directed topics sentences to begin each paragraph. Consider the beginning of each paragraph as a mini-thesis statement. This allows your argument to flow cohesively. You build the argument brick by brick for the reader so there is no confusion. Good: "The destruction of the world's rainforests also destroys the incredible potential to find medical and scientific breakthroughs in the diverse, mysterious ecosystem.".
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