Everyone wishes Timor-Leste had as much oil and gas as Norway or Brunei, to underpin our economy for the indefinite future. Unfortunately, this is not the case, and our total nonrenewable resource wealth is not enough to pay for the quality of life timor-Lestes people deserve. This graph is based on optimistic assumptions, similar to the government's: Long-term global oil prices will be as high as those used to estimate the Estimated Sustainable Income (ESI) in the 2011 budget, which are 40 higher than those used in 2010. Timor-Leste will build an onshore plant to process Sunrise lng. Although this debate may take a few years more, we believe it is better for Timor-Leste to prolong Sunrise revenues, saving the gas in the ground until it is needed to replace bayu-undans declining revenues. Oil exploration will discover additional fields in Timor-Leste, with a total value 70 times larger than the kitan field. This is very unlikely - kitan is the only new discovery since the mid-1990s, although ten exploration wells have been drilled since independence. These assumptions are less prudent than the ones lao hamutuk normally uses, as we prefer to err on the side of caution.
In the year 2023, 34,000 young people will enter the job market, and todays youth will need full-time, permanent jobs to support their own children. Bayu-undan and Kitan will be used. Without a non-oil economy, timor-Leste will be in serious trouble. Timor-Leste's Total Annual Petroleum revenues with very optimistic assumptions over 40 years:.72 / person / day timor-Lestes oil and gas reserves are extremely limited, and i am more willing than undp to be the bearer of bad news. Currently producing oil and gas fields will run dry in 12 years, and all known reserves. Timor-Leste is the most petroleum-dependent country in the world, with oil revenues paying for 95 of government expenditures. The states oil and gas revenues are four times larger than Timor-Lestes entire non-oil economy.
It afflicts almost every petroleum-dependent country, although it may be possible to overcome with long-term planning and implementable policies based on facts, as the hdr recommends. Timor-Leste population by Age we have twice as many people aged 0-9 as 20-29. One cause of the resource curse, which is exacerbated by democracy, is the failure to implement policies with goals beyond the term of the next project, election or mdg deadline. One example is the issue of jobs, often highlighted as a youth unemployment problem. The hdr reports that 15,000 young Timorese enter the labor market each year, and there only a few hundred new jobs to keep them occupied. Although this is true, it ignores the more fundamental problem: Timor-Leste does not have enough jobs for everyone who wants or needs to work. Many people had children after the referendum, and Timor-Leste has twice as many people between the ages of 0 and 9 as between 20 and.
National, human, development, report : researchers
Most of the hdr was written more than a year ago and uses data from 2009. Since then, events have moved Timor-Leste further from the reports recommendations. Recent policies, particularly unsustainable state spending levels and prioritizing capital mega-projects over human resources, have pushed this country deeper into the resource curse, while doing little to supervisor develop the non-oil economy. For example, the report says that Timor-Leste allocated.6 of state expenditures to the social services sector health and education in the 2010 budget. The report explains that countries making progress toward the mdgs spend about 28 of their budgets on this sector, concluding that not enough priority is being accorded to education and health. If Timor-Leste is to move faster in achieving the mdgs in these areas, then the share of social services in the budget will have to be virtually doubled. After that part of the report was written, timor-Leste enacted two more State budgets, doubling overall expenditures.
The percentage allocated to social services in the 2011 State budget.6, less than two-thirds the previous year. State budgets from 2002 to 2016 showing non-oil gdp and Petroleum Fund withdrawals Timor-Leste is rapidly becoming "resource-cursed." More generally, recent rapid growth in public spending is likely to accelerate when the Strategic development Plan is implemented and the State takes out loans. The hdr discusses the resource curse at length, diplomatically declining to state that Timor-Leste is already suffering from it, and suggesting improvements in institutional capacity to prevent. Lao hamutuk believes that the resource curse is already here, manifesting itself in a range of symptoms including inflation (Dutch disease extreme import dependency, neglect of non-oil sectors and revenue sources, ineffective public expenditures, credible rumors of corruption, and failure to plan for the long. This curse is not inflicted by a malevolent supernatural force, but by the economic and political situation of a new country with a tiny non-oil economy and a large number of impoverished people.
For most countries this did not change much; only six of 169 countries have a gni more than 20 above their gdp. Kiribati has the second largest difference in the world, with a gni 79 more than its gdp. But Timor-Leste is unique our gni is more than six times larger 548 higher than our gdp. This is a consequence of our extreme dependence on exporting nonrenewable resources. Since timor-Leste has wisely created a petroleum Fund to extend peoples benefit from these resources, the gni is not reflected in the lives of individual citizens today. Undp also changed the education indicator in the hdi, from literacy to years of schooling, to distinguish small differences among highly-educated countries.
In places like timor-Leste, with inferior quality and resources for education, this does not measure education. A malnourished child who sits for a year at a shared desk (or on the floor without books, listening to an underqualified teacher in an unfamiliar language, will not learn as much as a student in a more affluent country with well-equipped facilities and experienced. Sectoral distribution of Public Expenditure The nhdr report is already out of date. Health and education have dropped from.6.6, while the report says 28 is needed to achieve the mdgs. The background papers for this Human development Report were written in 2008. Two and a half years later, some information is out of date.
Hdreporting undp in myanmar
Every year, undp calculates a human development Index hdi for every country, combining indicators of health, education and income. As the graph and table show, timor-Leste has improved william slightly and now ranks 120th of 169 countries, based on data from 2008. In 2010, undp changed how they calculate the hdi, making it a less accurate indication of human development for Timor-Leste. In 2009, our hdi ranked Timor-Leste 162nd of 182 countries, but applying the new methodology to past data, as shown by the red lines paper in the graph, our rankings for 20re identical. Applying the older methodology, blue lines, shows negligible progress in Timor-Leste since the restoration of independence. Ratio of Gross National Income and Gross Domestic Product for all countries Timor-Leste's ratio is nearly six times larger than all other countries, reducing the usefulness of the human development Index here. One change was to substitute Gross National Income (GNI) which includes offshore oil revenues for gdp to indicate a countrys economic development.
The hdr presents a moderate-to-high growth scenario to achieve annual growth in real non-oil gdp averaging.3 over the next 15 years. Although this is less fanciful than the double-digit dreams behind some macroeconomic models, it is still unrealistic. China is the only nation which has achieved such growth rates over a long period, and Timor-Leste is totally different from China in size, education, population control, industrialization, government management of the economy, export markets, working conditions, wages and human rights. Timor-Leste cannot increase its non-oil gdp over the long term more than any other expertise country. This graph shows average real gdp growth since 1980 (or when data is available) in every country, as well as projections through 2016. China has achieved 10; the maldives, cambodia and Bhutan are between 7 and 8; with a few others between 6 and. Optimism often can be useful, but impossible dreams are impossible to achieve. On, a government press release justified their double-digit growth targets. Timor-Leste's Human development Index over Time using old and new calculation methods The new method hides the lack of improvement.
of agriculture and added-value processing, will help Timor-Leste move away from its unfortunate distinction of depending more on exports of nonrenewable resource wealth than any other country in the world. The report also emphasizes the quality of public investment, and recommends that more money should be invested in health and education. Nevertheless, it has been toned down by the inevitable cautious editing of publications by multilateral institutions which depend on government permission to remain here, and by institutional sensitivities raised by unplanned pre-release publicity. Lao hamutuk is known for frankly sharing facts and analysis, and I wont disappoint you today. I will underline a few of the reports main points, more forthrightly than undp can, in an effort to help improve the lives of current and future generations of Timorese. Long-Term average annual real gdp growth, for all countries Long-term growth above 7 is unachievable. Gross Domestic Product gdp is often used to indicate the size of a countrys economy. Although many experiences most recently obvious in Egypt show that gdp growth often doesnt benefit less affluent families, thats a discussion for another time.
Click on any of the graphs below to writing see it larger. The following week, the, government issued a press release challenging the transparency and data in the undp report. . A few weeks later, undp removed the report from their local and global websites, although it is still downloadable from la'o hamutuk. Timor-Leste must Win Independence from Petroleum. By charles Scheiner, lao hamutuk. . The timor-Leste human development Report is a major contribution to the challenge of moving Timor-Leste away from dependency on non-renewable resource provides a welcome alternative to the divisive partisanship, self-censorship, and wishful thinking which often prevails here, where enticing visions are pursued regardless of whether. In contrast with papers based on short-term institutional or political agendas, the nhdr seriously discusses the actual situation in Timor-Leste and suggests concrete, practical ways to develop our economy to improve living standards and sustainability over the long term. The report contains valuable ideas to improve thinking about how Timor-Leste can attain and surpass the millennium development goals.
Center for Economic Research - completed
Undp 2011 National Human development Report for Timor-Leste Updated 3 november 2011. After three years of work, the United Nations development Program (undp) released its third. Human development Report for Timor-Leste (4 mb pdf) in may 2011. Entitled "Managing Natural Resources for Human development: developing the non-Oil Economy to Achieve the mdgs the 158-page report was launched by President Jose ramos-Horta on Other speakers included undp head Finn Reske-nielsen, economist rui gomes, and a panel. Rui maria araujo (Council of State deputado joaquim Amaral, untl rector Aurelio guterres, and Charles Scheiner from la'o hamutuk. At the launch, undp distributed a packet including. Executive summary (also, tetum and, portuguese a, press Release evernote (also, tetum and, portuguese ) and. Statistics summary (also, tetum and, portuguese ). La'o hamutuk's comment, timor-Leste must Win Independence from Petroleum is available in English and, tetum, with an accompanying.5mb powerpoint slide show (also, tetum and as 1 mb pdf, also, tetum ).